Category Archives: The Daily of the University of Washington

The right to bear arms: ‘The second amendment shouldn’t just shut off’

Last Mother’s Day Evan Wallesen, a UW senior and president of Students for Concealed Carry (SFCC), bought his mom a gun.

While a gun is not your average Mother’s Day gift, coming from Wallesen, it made sense.

“I’ve taken her to the range, I got her her carry permit,” said Wallesen, who also has a carry permit and carries a gun with him everywhere he goes, except the UW campus. “If I am competent enough to carry a gun everywhere else, then why not the place I spend most of my time?”

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Last year, Wallesen and two other UW students, Laycee Hyde and Shannon Harris, who have since graduated, started SFCC. The club was intended to be social, a place where students could gather and, as Wallesen puts it, “go shooting and not be hated on.”

To inaugurate the club and raise awareness of its existence, the three founding members stood in Red Square wearing orange jumpsuits, holding signs that read “Criminals love gun-free zones.”

In a not-so-subtle way, they were attempting to highlight their view that banning guns puts students in greater danger, as they are not able to protect themselves.

“Right now, what is stopping a crazy person from walking on campus with a gun?” Wallesen said. “If I have my gun, I am the first line of defense. … the crazy person who wants to kill a bunch of people doesn’t care about the law. If you have decided to commit murder, you aren’t going to care about the felony you get by walking on campus with a gun.”

Despite the confrontational nature of this public display, Wallesen isn’t normally aggressive about his politics. He labels himself fiscally conservative and socially progressive. When it comes to guns, he agrees with the right-wingers: no limitations.

He is knowledgeable, excited, and surprisingly genial as he discusses gun legislation — open versus concealed carry, mental health, and politicians’ views on guns, Bernie Sanders and Ted Cruz alike.

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He is not at all combative.

Since its formation, SFCC has quickly morphed into something even more political. Earlier this quarter, under the guidance of Rep. Elizabeth Scott, SFCC crafted House Bill 2867: “Authorizing conceal carry on campuses of institutions of higher education.”

HB 2867 wasn’t referred to committee, making it pretty much dead upon arrival, but SFCC plans to edit and evolve the bill, then submit it again during the next legislative session.

The bill would legalize concealed carry on the UW campus. Currently, firearms are completely banned from campus, despite both open carry and concealed carry being legal in most places in Washington state. Jails, schools,  bars, or parts of airports are the exceptions, areas where guns are unauthorized. To legally, openly carry a weapon one does not need a permit, but to carry a concealed weapon, a concealed pistol license is required.

The bill, if passed, would mean academic institutions could not make any rule that barred license holders from carrying a firearm. It would, however, allow “provisions concerning the storage of pistols in dormitories,” and would not necessarily apply to private institutions.

A similar bill recently passed in Texas, Senate Bill 11, which beginning Aug. 1, 2016, will legalize concealed carry of firearms on campus at the University of Texas at Austin. It was, and still is, highly contentious on the UT campus.

Many Texas students continue to avidly oppose the bill.

According to the Facebook event, “Campus (DILDO) Carry,” 10,000 people will be attending a “Cocks, not Glocks,” protest taking place on the UT campus the first day of school, Aug. 24. Students and others opposed to SB 11 plan to strap massive dildos to their backpacks, with the idea that dildos are “about as effective at protecting us from sociopathic shooters, but much safer for recreational play.”

Late last month, the dean of UT’s School of Architecture resigned due to concern with the new policy.

In 2015, there were 23 shootings on college campuses across the country. The likelihood of a shooting occurring on your campus is still incredibly slim, but this uptick in campus violence has brought gunrights, accessibility to guns, and gun laws in general into the center of debates.

According to the Pew Research Center, most Americans are in favor of requiring background checks for gun shows and private sales of firearms, as well as implementing laws preventing someone with a mental illness from purchasing a gun. But when it comes to developing a federal database to track gun sales and actually banning assault-style weapons, it becomes a partisan issue.

In 2014, Pew reported that 32 percent of Americans owned a firearm for hunting, but 48 percent, the majority, owned a gun for protection. This is a 22 percent increase from 1999 when only 26 percent owned a weapon for that reason.

Wallesen says the campus carry bill isn’t motivated by fear. He isn’t scared of a shooting occurring on campus, but he knows it is an imminent threat that, as of now, he can’t do anything about.

He thinks students have a false sense of security.

“Prepare for the worst and hope for the best,” he said. “That’s the way I think everyone should act. … Why do you stock up on food? Why do you wear a seatbelt? I prepare for someone to attack me and I hope that no one does.”

Wallesen credits SFCC member and UW graduate student Allen Acosta with making this bill a reality.

“We push the boundaries of our liberties,” Acosta said. “It’s healthy to understand what rights we have and what rights the government has. That’s why I love this group, because they are willing to do that.”

Acosta has been networking with gun rights groups to garner support for the bill. He and Wallesen are optimistic for the bill’s future.

“We’re doing something, which is more than I thought I’d be doing when I started this club,” Wallesen said. “Allen came to the last meeting of the year and now here we are with a bill. … beyond what I thought would be possible.”

When Wallesen started the club, he intended for it to connect him with others who, like him, see guns and frequent trips to the gun-range as a hobby, not just a political issue.

“Anyone who collects anything, you are always looking for something new to add to your collection,” he said, referencing his growing collection of firearms.

Wallesen brought all six of his guns on SFCC’s quarterly trip to the West Coast Armory in Bellevue on Feb. 3, during which they exchange guns, get a little target practice in, and eat Chick-fil-A.

“Outside of the politics of it, it’s a lot of fun,” he said.

He emphasized that not everyone who attends SFCC’s trips to the gun range is a Republican.

Still, SFCC is inherently political and the members know it. They are almost entirely Republicans and many are actively involved with College Republicans, another UW student organization.

The students in SFCC are a minority on campus because of their desire to legalize concealed carry, but they are also Republicans in an area dominated by left-leaners ready to “Feel the Bern.”

Being a political minority isn’t always easy. When Wallesen and other members of SFCC proudly don their “Students for Concealed Carry” T-shirts, which list the Second Amendment in its entirety on the back, reactions from passersby are not always positive or friendly.

Wallesen has learned how to deflect some of this negativity and has realized that most people don’t actually seem to want to hear him out or learn about his position.

“They don’t want to argue with me, they just want to shame me,” he said. “This club has forced me to organize my beliefs. Before, I knew my beliefs, but I didn’t know how to articulate them well.”

Wallesen is graduating in the spring and plans to move to California to pursue a career in engineering for Disney. He realizes California is equally, sometimes even more, liberal than the Pacific Northwest, but luckily he has already developed a pretty thick skin for when it comes time to discuss politics and conflicting ideologies.

Regardless of where Wallesen is, whether he is in the political majority or minority, he won’t cease to advocate for less stringent gun laws.

“The Second Amendment shouldn’t just shut off,” he said.

Reach Development Editor Kate Clark at features@dailyuw.com. Twitter: @KateClarkUW

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A labor of love: Women’s Center helps area high school students apply to UW

Every chair in the UW’s Cunningham Hall Women’s Center is taken. Some of the dozens of high school seniors are sitting on the floor instead, where they are nervously editing essays and adding last minute touches to their UW undergraduate applications.

“There’s literally no room,” one high school senior said as she and a volunteer tutor tucked themselves away in a corner of the conference room, in between a stack of Domino’s pizza and another table packed with students, chair legs entangled.

The Women’s Center program, Making Connections, hosts an Application Night every year on Nov. 30, the evening before the UW’s application is due. Making Connections is geared toward getting low-income Seattle-area high school students interested in the science, technology, engineering, and math fields, as well as preparing these students for college. Most of the 105 students from over 20 high schools are the first in their families to go to college. In 2014, 92 percent of those enrolled in the program were women, and 87 percent of the graduating seniors ended up going to the UW.

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By Kate Clark

Making Connections is led by Assistant Director of the Women’s Center, Senait Habte, and STEM Enrichment Coordinator, Kelsey Johnson, but it began with Pat Dawson. In 1998, Dawson, a surgeon and member of the Women’s Center Advisory Board, realized how much trouble her daughter was having in the sciences despite all the resources at her disposal. That realization inspired her to lead the Women’s Center in applying for a grant, and Making Connections was born.

Habte, who took over Making Connections in 2006 after working in the UW’s Office of Minority Affairs & Diversity, said this all began at a time when STEM wasn’t the buzzword it is today.

“We believe in hands-on,” Habte said. “If we can’t show these students what’s possible, how can they ever start to dream?”

The program hosts other events in addition to application night, when students race to finish their essays and applications and experience the excitement of a crowd cheering for them as they click the submit button. The Parent College Information workshop educates parents — many of whom are immigrants or refugees who didn’t go to college and who aren’t familiar with the complicated and drawn-out college application process.

While the Making Connections program is able to take graduating seniors on a statewide college tour, parents are typically unable to make the same trip. Habte said events like this make up for some parents’ lack of access to information about these colleges.

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By Kate Clark

It is a way to open their eyes, Johnson added.

“One of the parents came up to me afterward and she was like, ‘Oh my god, I am so glad I came, I had no idea how much work goes into this, I was telling my child that she needs to come home, cook dinner, help me take care of my six other children, and I am not letting her come to the center to do anything on college applications. Coming to this event just completely changed my outlook on this,’” Johnson said.

After earning her bachelor’s and master’s degrees and working in civil engineering on the east coast, Johnson joined AmeriCorps and moved across the country to work at the Women’s Center.

“I was looking for a change in my life,” Johnson said. “At the end of the day I was just like, ‘What am I doing, how am I helping people? I don’t feel like I am making a difference.’ I want to help and I want to make a difference and I believe that females need that extra support and guidance when it comes to studying the sciences, and math, and engineering — I went through it.”

Johnson will be working at the Women’s Center until the end of July.

Habte, on the other hand, has been involved in pre-college work for years. She said it’s her life’s work and passion.

“I’ve always been a helper and thrived off of helping people, particularly students,” Habte said. “It is gratifying to see those students, shaping them, connecting them, and guiding them through that entire process and watching them evolve over time. Now we have students who are here at UW, we are getting students that are graduated that are serving on my advisory board. It is really an amazing process to see them come full circle.”

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By Kate Clark

In 2014, 84 percent of the students in Making Connections qualified for free or reduced price lunch and many of them came from high schools and communities in the area that have been consistently ridiculed over the years, according to Habte.

“Oftentimes, they feel like they are inferior because we’ve been telling them since kindergarten how awful their schools are or how awful their communities are, and they kind of start to believe that,” Habte said. “We are trying to undo that — to make them understand that they are great.”

Habte said she is always reminding her students that they have every right to be at the UW, that it is their university; she hopes to change their attitudes.

“You have opened the door and their eyes to something and there is no turning back because as long as we keep them engaged and we show them the possibility, that is the biggest thing you can give students — a sense of self and of what’s possible,” Habte said. “They are amazing students, they teach us so much, as much as I like to say we are helping students, they feed our soul. They are amazing and dynamic students and they have gone through so much, and to see how resilient they are — they are making a difference.”

Reach News Editor Kate Clark at news@dailyuw.com. Twitter: @KateClarkUW

Army ROTC to celebrate centennial

‘A marathon until the weekend:’ Meet the busy students of the UW’s Army ROTC

On a particularly frigid winter morning in 2011, Hyeong Oh, a newbie in the U.S. Army, got a 2 a.m. wake up call. He groggily picked up the phone, only to find out he had to be at Fort Campbell, Kentucky post’s airport, in a couple of hours.

“Have you watched those videos of soldiers coming back from deployment and families crying?” he asked. “I’ve seen that.”

That morning, Oh was asked to lead the families of soldiers, who would be returning home to Fort Campbell later that day, to a gymnasium adjacent to the airport. Families were meant to stay inside the gym; after all, it was snowing. Instead, they waited anxiously outside, gripping the fence that separated them from their sons, daughters, brothers, sisters, husbands, and wives.

The families waited one hour shivering in the snow, until they spotted a plane.

“They were all yelling and shaking their hands,” he said, recalling that night, “and when a soldier came out of the airplane the families were crying, really crying.”

As Oh watched the emotional greetings, he began to understand the significance of his service; the military doesn’t only impact soldiers, but entire families.

Oh joined the Army at 19 years old, only six years after his family emigrated from Seoul, South Korea, and when he realized pursuing art school or moving to Las Vegas to learn the ins-and-outs of the hotel business were not the most economical of decisions. While his parents both run successful small businesses, his mom an alterations shop and his dad a carpet-installation business, he refused to consider taking money from them for school.

“My mother told me, ‘Just go, I can pay for it,’ but I didn’t want to give them that pressure,” he said. “Right now, because I left, because they don’t have another guy who just wastes their money, they have more money.”

When Oh’s friend told him joining the Army meant a free education, he figured it was for him; it was a simple, cost-effective way to pursue his degree.

He had been in the Army three years when he heard about the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC). Students are taught fitness, leadership skills, and military science while obtaining a degree from one of 275 participating academic institutions across the country. ROTC pays each selected cadet’s tuition or room and board for at least two years, and upon graduation, they are commissioned into the Army as Second Lieutenants.

That offer appealed to Oh, who is now a junior at the UW and a third-year in Army ROTC (AROTC).

The only catch: an eight year contract with the Army. Four years as an active duty officer and four years of Individual Ready Reserve (IRR), or six years in the Army National Guard and two years of IRR. While Oh is anticipating pursuing active duty in the Military Intelligence Branch, signing that eight year contract was not easy.

“After [we] finish college and do the eight years [we] are 30 years old,” Oh said. “We spend our 20s in the Army. You have to really commit.”

The Kinnear Husky Battalion: in the business of educating

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Military science department chair and West Point alumna, Lt. Col. Tevina Flood, says the point of ROTC is to educate.

Kitty-corner to McMahon sits Clark Hall, a building whose exterior matches the other halls throughout campus, with the exception of the pull-up bars that decorate the courtyard. This is home base for AROTC, as well as Air Force, Navy ROTC, and the military science department.

AROTC is celebrating its 100 year anniversary in 2016, though military instruction at the UW began in 1862, 54 years before the modern AROTC was formed by the National Defense Act. That makes the Kinnear Husky Battalion, the official name of the UW’s AROTC, one of the oldest military instruction programs in the country.

As a member of the Kinnear Husky Battalion, cadets attend physical training (PT) Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, beginning at 6:15 a.m. sharp. On Thursdays, they have two hours of Leadership Lab (LLAB) starting at 6:00 a.m. Depending on other duties they have within AROTC, they may be able to sleep in Tuesdays. But, most weekdays begin around 5:30 a.m. and end around midnight, after they finish their homework and tend to other typical college student tasks.

Lt. Col. Tevina Flood, chair of the department of military science and a West Point graduate, said it’s hard for her to quantify the exact amount of time a cadet spends each week on AROTC-related activities. Her conservative estimate was around 20 hours a week.

“It’s pretty hard for some of them to keep it together,” Flood said. “I’ve got a senior, he does this, he has a few different jobs, of course he is a full-time student, he doesn’t get any support from his family. So yeah, it’s a lot.”

The AROTC cadre are active duty army officers, like Flood who started at the UW in January, after spending most of her career in Fort Bragg, North Carolina and Afghanistan.

Although Flood is a military school alumna, she said she recognizes that ROTC cadets face unique challenges.

“My 80 cadets are this tiny minority, and when they look around themselves they see lots of people behaving in ways that are not the same as what they do, and it would be very easy for them to say ‘I want to do that instead of what I am doing now,’” Flood said. “And some of them do that, and unfortunately then some of them have to be shown the door.”

The distractions within what Flood called the “sea of temptation” range for each cadet. It’s often difficult for them to indulge in what many college students typically take part in due to their schedules. Flood emphasized that it isn’t the AROTC cadre’s job to stop cadets from engaging in activity that doesn’t fit the character of an Army officer, and it isn’t their job to discourage such behavior either.

Their job is purely to educate.

Fortunately, as long as a cadet is committed to their choice and isn’t “stupid,” they can make it through, Flood said.

“If we start from the position that it is probably a matter of ignorance, then I can fix ignorance,” Flood said. “I can’t fix stupidity, but I can fix ignorance. We are in the business of educating just like all the rest of the faculty here are.”

Growing up military

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Sophomore cadet Elena Wright grew up in a military family. She has planned to follow in her parents foot steps her whole life.

Ignorance isn’t an issue for Elena Wright, sophomore cadet and member of ROTC’s Ranger Challenge Program. She grew up in a military family, with a colonel for a dad and a lieutenant colonel for a mom.

Before settling in to ROTC at the UW, Wright moved 11 times. From Washington to Kansas, Pennsylvania, Kuwait, Colorado, and finally Canada, where her parents live now.

She had stints in “civilian communities,” but always preferred to live on posts.

“You’re always going to be safe for the most part,” Wright said. “I was completely like, in this encased bubble of safety.”

Her upbringing made her highly adaptable to change; a crucial characteristic for anyone in the military. She can make friends and connect with just about anyone, assets you’ll find in most military kids, she said.

For most of her life, Wright has been planning to double major, graduate, go to medical school, and become an Army doctor. Dissimilar to most of the population, for Wright, not going into the military is what scares her.

“I love that I know it; I love that it’s my community that I feel comfortable in,” she said.

Wright is one of two women in the UW ROTC’s Ranger Challenge Program, or what Wright called ROTC’s varsity team. Ranger Challenge is composed of 10 cadets who spend additional hours every week training, and then compete with other schools on fitness drills, field drills, and on an army knowledge exam. Membership in this elite squad is very competitive.

As for possible sexism, Wright said she has only received support from her male and female colleagues in the Ranger Challenge and general AROTC community.

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Wright is one of 10 members in the AROTC elite squad, the Ranger Challenge Program.

“If someone said something to me to the effect of like, you’re not good enough because you’re a girl or, you shouldn’t be here because you’re a girl, everyone, including all my male colleagues would defend me,” Wright said. “I’ve had people ask me questions like ‘how do you carry that pack, you’re so little, or you’re so short, you’re a girl,’ and I guess I just neutralize the gender aspect. I carry it the same way everyone else does. You just try to keep up and you do your best. It doesn’t have to be about being a girl or being a boy.”

Wright said she wanted to become part of the team to challenge herself, and thinks her determination is what landed her a spot in the program. During tryouts last fall, she completed the final day despite a cold that left her without a voice.

Now, she balances AROTC, Ranger Challenge, class, homework, and sorority life, leaving her with time for about four to five hours of sleep each night.

“The way one of the girls describes it is, it’s a marathon until the weekend and then you can recharge,” Wright said. “I think it’s just about learning how to manage your time really well. Like I don’t go out during the school week. There are girls in my house who love to go out every Tuesday and Thursday night, and I never do … I don’t really mind because that isn’t my priority, that’s not why I am here. I don’t think my future patients or colleagues would have wanted their physician to have gone out every Tuesday and Thursday.”

From Coal to Diamonds

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On busy game nights, the University Village RAM is packed. There’s a line out the door of customers waiting to be seated, tables to be cleaned, and fans shouting as touchdowns are scored, or aren’t scored. For most of the RAM staff, these are stressful nights. But for one busser, they’re a cake-walk.

“At Fort Knox we had to sleep in a field in the middle of the forest for eight days straight,” senior cadet Jacob DesCamp said. “I went without a shower for a week, and it’s hot, and you’re sweaty and miserable. When you go through stuff like that, and like some cadets have gone through deployment, then you know what a crappy situation really feels like.”

DesCamp works two jobs on top of his school and ROTC workload. Typically, he spends four days a week bussing tables at the RAM and walks dogs every day for extra cash. Like Oh, DesCamp enlisted in the military prior to joining ROTC. At 17, he joined the Oregon National Guard, completing basic training before his senior year of high school.

He plans on spending the eight years on his contract, and beyond, in the National Guard, while pursuing a career within a government security agency, like the FBI or the CIA. Similar to most college seniors, he’s recently been applying to jobs within those organizations, adding to his already busy schedule.

“Sometimes I feel like my heart is gonna stop,” DesCamp said. “Honestly though, I know people out there in the military go through a lot worse, so I try to keep that in mind.”

DesCamp said that being in the army changed him more than he could have ever imagined when he enlisted.

“Enlisted soldiers have a tendency to poke fun at ROTC cadets because they see it as being easy, I guess,” DesCamp said. “But it has been a lot harder, more challenging than I ever anticipated. It makes adults out of kids.”

He compares the experience of being a cadet to riding a roller coaster. Some days are easier than others; some days it hits you all at once, like a rollercoaster loop or a 200 foot drop. But the skills he has acquired along the way, from public speaking, to leadership, to stress-management have made the hard, unpredictable days worth it.

“You put pressure on coal, it turns it into diamonds,” he said while explaining his growth in the service.

Wright, Oh, and DesCamp all commend the AROTC cadre of Army officers for helping them develop these skills in their few years in the program, despite the laborious schedules.

“They will definitely learn something, and in the end, enjoy the shared suffering,” Flood said.

Reach News Editor Kate Clark at features@dailyuw.comTwitter: @KateClarkUW

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