Every chair in the UW’s Cunningham Hall Women’s Center is taken. Some of the dozens of high school seniors are sitting on the floor instead, where they are nervously editing essays and adding last minute touches to their UW undergraduate applications.
“There’s literally no room,” one high school senior said as she and a volunteer tutor tucked themselves away in a corner of the conference room, in between a stack of Domino’s pizza and another table packed with students, chair legs entangled.
The Women’s Center program, Making Connections, hosts an Application Night every year on Nov. 30, the evening before the UW’s application is due. Making Connections is geared toward getting low-income Seattle-area high school students interested in the science, technology, engineering, and math fields, as well as preparing these students for college. Most of the 105 students from over 20 high schools are the first in their families to go to college. In 2014, 92 percent of those enrolled in the program were women, and 87 percent of the graduating seniors ended up going to the UW.
Making Connections is led by Assistant Director of the Women’s Center, Senait Habte, and STEM Enrichment Coordinator, Kelsey Johnson, but it began with Pat Dawson. In 1998, Dawson, a surgeon and member of the Women’s Center Advisory Board, realized how much trouble her daughter was having in the sciences despite all the resources at her disposal. That realization inspired her to lead the Women’s Center in applying for a grant, and Making Connections was born.
Habte, who took over Making Connections in 2006 after working in the UW’s Office of Minority Affairs & Diversity, said this all began at a time when STEM wasn’t the buzzword it is today.
“We believe in hands-on,” Habte said. “If we can’t show these students what’s possible, how can they ever start to dream?”
The program hosts other events in addition to application night, when students race to finish their essays and applications and experience the excitement of a crowd cheering for them as they click the submit button. The Parent College Information workshop educates parents — many of whom are immigrants or refugees who didn’t go to college and who aren’t familiar with the complicated and drawn-out college application process.
While the Making Connections program is able to take graduating seniors on a statewide college tour, parents are typically unable to make the same trip. Habte said events like this make up for some parents’ lack of access to information about these colleges.
It is a way to open their eyes, Johnson added.
“One of the parents came up to me afterward and she was like, ‘Oh my god, I am so glad I came, I had no idea how much work goes into this, I was telling my child that she needs to come home, cook dinner, help me take care of my six other children, and I am not letting her come to the center to do anything on college applications. Coming to this event just completely changed my outlook on this,’” Johnson said.
After earning her bachelor’s and master’s degrees and working in civil engineering on the east coast, Johnson joined AmeriCorps and moved across the country to work at the Women’s Center.
“I was looking for a change in my life,” Johnson said. “At the end of the day I was just like, ‘What am I doing, how am I helping people? I don’t feel like I am making a difference.’ I want to help and I want to make a difference and I believe that females need that extra support and guidance when it comes to studying the sciences, and math, and engineering — I went through it.”
Johnson will be working at the Women’s Center until the end of July.
Habte, on the other hand, has been involved in pre-college work for years. She said it’s her life’s work and passion.
“I’ve always been a helper and thrived off of helping people, particularly students,” Habte said. “It is gratifying to see those students, shaping them, connecting them, and guiding them through that entire process and watching them evolve over time. Now we have students who are here at UW, we are getting students that are graduated that are serving on my advisory board. It is really an amazing process to see them come full circle.”
In 2014, 84 percent of the students in Making Connections qualified for free or reduced price lunch and many of them came from high schools and communities in the area that have been consistently ridiculed over the years, according to Habte.
“Oftentimes, they feel like they are inferior because we’ve been telling them since kindergarten how awful their schools are or how awful their communities are, and they kind of start to believe that,” Habte said. “We are trying to undo that — to make them understand that they are great.”
Habte said she is always reminding her students that they have every right to be at the UW, that it is their university; she hopes to change their attitudes.
“You have opened the door and their eyes to something and there is no turning back because as long as we keep them engaged and we show them the possibility, that is the biggest thing you can give students — a sense of self and of what’s possible,” Habte said. “They are amazing students, they teach us so much, as much as I like to say we are helping students, they feed our soul. They are amazing and dynamic students and they have gone through so much, and to see how resilient they are — they are making a difference.”
‘A marathon until the weekend:’ Meet the busy students of the UW’s Army ROTC
On a particularly frigid winter morning in 2011, Hyeong Oh, a newbie in the U.S. Army, got a 2 a.m. wake up call. He groggily picked up the phone, only to find out he had to be at Fort Campbell, Kentucky post’s airport, in a couple of hours.
“Have you watched those videos of soldiers coming back from deployment and families crying?” he asked. “I’ve seen that.”
That morning, Oh was asked to lead the families of soldiers, who would be returning home to Fort Campbell later that day, to a gymnasium adjacent to the airport. Families were meant to stay inside the gym; after all, it was snowing. Instead, they waited anxiously outside, gripping the fence that separated them from their sons, daughters, brothers, sisters, husbands, and wives.
The families waited one hour shivering in the snow, until they spotted a plane.
“They were all yelling and shaking their hands,” he said, recalling that night, “and when a soldier came out of the airplane the families were crying, really crying.”
As Oh watched the emotional greetings, he began to understand the significance of his service; the military doesn’t only impact soldiers, but entire families.
Oh joined the Army at 19 years old, only six years after his family emigrated from Seoul, South Korea, and when he realized pursuing art school or moving to Las Vegas to learn the ins-and-outs of the hotel business were not the most economical of decisions. While his parents both run successful small businesses, his mom an alterations shop and his dad a carpet-installation business, he refused to consider taking money from them for school.
“My mother told me, ‘Just go, I can pay for it,’ but I didn’t want to give them that pressure,” he said. “Right now, because I left, because they don’t have another guy who just wastes their money, they have more money.”
When Oh’s friend told him joining the Army meant a free education, he figured it was for him; it was a simple, cost-effective way to pursue his degree.
He had been in the Army three years when he heard about the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC). Students are taught fitness, leadership skills, and military science while obtaining a degree from one of 275 participating academic institutions across the country. ROTC pays each selected cadet’s tuition or room and board for at least two years, and upon graduation, they are commissioned into the Army as Second Lieutenants.
That offer appealed to Oh, who is now a junior at the UW and a third-year in Army ROTC (AROTC).
The only catch: an eight year contract with the Army. Four years as an active duty officer and four years of Individual Ready Reserve (IRR), or six years in the Army National Guard and two years of IRR. While Oh is anticipating pursuing active duty in the Military Intelligence Branch, signing that eight year contract was not easy.
“After [we] finish college and do the eight years [we] are 30 years old,” Oh said. “We spend our 20s in the Army. You have to really commit.”
The Kinnear Husky Battalion: in the business of educating
Kitty-corner to McMahon sits Clark Hall, a building whose exterior matches the other halls throughout campus, with the exception of the pull-up bars that decorate the courtyard. This is home base for AROTC, as well as Air Force, Navy ROTC, and the military science department.
AROTC is celebrating its 100 year anniversary in 2016, though military instruction at the UW began in 1862, 54 years before the modern AROTC was formed by the National Defense Act. That makes the Kinnear Husky Battalion, the official name of the UW’s AROTC, one of the oldest military instruction programs in the country.
As a member of the Kinnear Husky Battalion, cadets attend physical training (PT) Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, beginning at 6:15 a.m. sharp. On Thursdays, they have two hours of Leadership Lab (LLAB) starting at 6:00 a.m. Depending on other duties they have within AROTC, they may be able to sleep in Tuesdays. But, most weekdays begin around 5:30 a.m. and end around midnight, after they finish their homework and tend to other typical college student tasks.
Lt. Col. Tevina Flood, chair of the department of military science and a West Point graduate, said it’s hard for her to quantify the exact amount of time a cadet spends each week on AROTC-related activities. Her conservative estimate was around 20 hours a week.
“It’s pretty hard for some of them to keep it together,” Flood said. “I’ve got a senior, he does this, he has a few different jobs, of course he is a full-time student, he doesn’t get any support from his family. So yeah, it’s a lot.”
The AROTC cadre are active duty army officers, like Flood who started at the UW in January, after spending most of her career in Fort Bragg, North Carolina and Afghanistan.
Although Flood is a military school alumna, she said she recognizes that ROTC cadets face unique challenges.
“My 80 cadets are this tiny minority, and when they look around themselves they see lots of people behaving in ways that are not the same as what they do, and it would be very easy for them to say ‘I want to do that instead of what I am doing now,’” Flood said. “And some of them do that, and unfortunately then some of them have to be shown the door.”
The distractions within what Flood called the “sea of temptation” range for each cadet. It’s often difficult for them to indulge in what many college students typically take part in due to their schedules. Flood emphasized that it isn’t the AROTC cadre’s job to stop cadets from engaging in activity that doesn’t fit the character of an Army officer, and it isn’t their job to discourage such behavior either.
Their job is purely to educate.
Fortunately, as long as a cadet is committed to their choice and isn’t “stupid,” they can make it through, Flood said.
“If we start from the position that it is probably a matter of ignorance, then I can fix ignorance,” Flood said. “I can’t fix stupidity, but I can fix ignorance. We are in the business of educating just like all the rest of the faculty here are.”
Growing up military
Ignorance isn’t an issue for Elena Wright, sophomore cadet and member of ROTC’s Ranger Challenge Program. She grew up in a military family, with a colonel for a dad and a lieutenant colonel for a mom.
Before settling in to ROTC at the UW, Wright moved 11 times. From Washington to Kansas, Pennsylvania, Kuwait, Colorado, and finally Canada, where her parents live now.
She had stints in “civilian communities,” but always preferred to live on posts.
“You’re always going to be safe for the most part,” Wright said. “I was completely like, in this encased bubble of safety.”
Her upbringing made her highly adaptable to change; a crucial characteristic for anyone in the military. She can make friends and connect with just about anyone, assets you’ll find in most military kids, she said.
For most of her life, Wright has been planning to double major, graduate, go to medical school, and become an Army doctor. Dissimilar to most of the population, for Wright, not going into the military is what scares her.
“I love that I know it; I love that it’s my community that I feel comfortable in,” she said.
Wright is one of two women in the UW ROTC’s Ranger Challenge Program, or what Wright called ROTC’s varsity team. Ranger Challenge is composed of 10 cadets who spend additional hours every week training, and then compete with other schools on fitness drills, field drills, and on an army knowledge exam. Membership in this elite squad is very competitive.
As for possible sexism, Wright said she has only received support from her male and female colleagues in the Ranger Challenge and general AROTC community.
“If someone said something to me to the effect of like, you’re not good enough because you’re a girl or, you shouldn’t be here because you’re a girl, everyone, including all my male colleagues would defend me,” Wright said. “I’ve had people ask me questions like ‘how do you carry that pack, you’re so little, or you’re so short, you’re a girl,’ and I guess I just neutralize the gender aspect. I carry it the same way everyone else does. You just try to keep up and you do your best. It doesn’t have to be about being a girl or being a boy.”
Wright said she wanted to become part of the team to challenge herself, and thinks her determination is what landed her a spot in the program. During tryouts last fall, she completed the final day despite a cold that left her without a voice.
Now, she balances AROTC, Ranger Challenge, class, homework, and sorority life, leaving her with time for about four to five hours of sleep each night.
“The way one of the girls describes it is, it’s a marathon until the weekend and then you can recharge,” Wright said. “I think it’s just about learning how to manage your time really well. Like I don’t go out during the school week. There are girls in my house who love to go out every Tuesday and Thursday night, and I never do … I don’t really mind because that isn’t my priority, that’s not why I am here. I don’t think my future patients or colleagues would have wanted their physician to have gone out every Tuesday and Thursday.”
From Coal to Diamonds
On busy game nights, the University Village RAM is packed. There’s a line out the door of customers waiting to be seated, tables to be cleaned, and fans shouting as touchdowns are scored, or aren’t scored. For most of the RAM staff, these are stressful nights. But for one busser, they’re a cake-walk.
“At Fort Knox we had to sleep in a field in the middle of the forest for eight days straight,” senior cadet Jacob DesCamp said. “I went without a shower for a week, and it’s hot, and you’re sweaty and miserable. When you go through stuff like that, and like some cadets have gone through deployment, then you know what a crappy situation really feels like.”
DesCamp works two jobs on top of his school and ROTC workload. Typically, he spends four days a week bussing tables at the RAM and walks dogs every day for extra cash. Like Oh, DesCamp enlisted in the military prior to joining ROTC. At 17, he joined the Oregon National Guard, completing basic training before his senior year of high school.
He plans on spending the eight years on his contract, and beyond, in the National Guard, while pursuing a career within a government security agency, like the FBI or the CIA. Similar to most college seniors, he’s recently been applying to jobs within those organizations, adding to his already busy schedule.
“Sometimes I feel like my heart is gonna stop,” DesCamp said. “Honestly though, I know people out there in the military go through a lot worse, so I try to keep that in mind.”
DesCamp said that being in the army changed him more than he could have ever imagined when he enlisted.
“Enlisted soldiers have a tendency to poke fun at ROTC cadets because they see it as being easy, I guess,” DesCamp said. “But it has been a lot harder, more challenging than I ever anticipated. It makes adults out of kids.”
He compares the experience of being a cadet to riding a roller coaster. Some days are easier than others; some days it hits you all at once, like a rollercoaster loop or a 200 foot drop. But the skills he has acquired along the way, from public speaking, to leadership, to stress-management have made the hard, unpredictable days worth it.
“You put pressure on coal, it turns it into diamonds,” he said while explaining his growth in the service.
Wright, Oh, and DesCamp all commend the AROTC cadre of Army officers for helping them develop these skills in their few years in the program, despite the laborious schedules.
“They will definitely learn something, and in the end, enjoy the shared suffering,” Flood said.
After serving 27 years in the U.S. Military, Colonel Margarethe Cammermeyer made a brave decision: She came out.
“I had that a-ha moment, that epiphany, and I disclosed to the investigator, when I was seeking a top-secret clearance, that I was a lesbian,” said Cammermeyer, UW alumna and author of the memoir, “Serving in Silence.” “I was absolutely devastated when I was discharged for my honest statement. Like many of you, I had always believed that the military took care of its own.”
But Cammermeyer’s story doesn’t end there. She fought her discharge in the U.S. federal court, which eventually ruled in her favor, stating she was denied equal opportunity under the Fifth Amendment.
“Even in the face of injustice, she kept fighting for her right to serve,” UW Tacoma Chancellor Mark Pagano said just before presenting Cammermeyer with the Distinguished Alumni Veteran Award at the Veteran’s Day ceremony on Wednesday morning. “Her story inspires the next generation to work for a world of good.”
Cammermeyer attended the UW for her master’s and her doctorate, graduating in 1976 and again in 1991 from the School of Nursing. She entered the Army as a nurse in 1963 after graduating from the University of Maryland, and in 1967 began serving at the 24th Evacuation Hospital in Long Binh, Vietnam. In 1968, she became pregnant with her first of four sons and was asked to leave the military.
“Women were not allowed to have dependants under the age of 16, and none of us knew how to give birth to a 16-year-old,” Cammermeyer said.
Four years later, the policy changed and she returned to the military. In 1988 she became the Chief Nurse of the Washington State National Guard. It was in 1989 that she made the decision to come out.
“The military made me a warrior for social justice, and allowed me to live my truth,” Cammermeyer said.
Since retiring from the military with full privileges in 1997, she has continued to fight for various causes, including gay, lesbian, and transgender rights. She hosted an Internet talk show, opened an adult family home, and even ran for Congress. She also fought, alongside many others, for Congress to repeal Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell.
“When you experience injustice, whether in the military or in civilian life, take the opportunity, be willing to take a chance, and stand up to change the status quo, so there really will be liberty and justice for all,” Cammermeyer said.
Before Cammermeyer addressed the crowd gathered alongside veterans, families, and the UW’s Reserve Officers’ Training Corp cadre at the flagpole adjacent to Red Square, Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., shared her thoughts on veteran care in the United States.
She emphasized the importance of high-quality health care to help address “the invisible wounds of war,” job-training programs, transitional services, and educational opportunities.
“These aren’t going above and beyond,” Murray said. “That is the bare minimum of what our country should be doing.”
She praised the UW’s care for veterans across its three campuses. With over 1,800 students on Seattle, Tacoma, and Bothell campuses who have served in the armed forces, the UW has over 30 programs that assist veterans.
UW Bothell Chancellor Wolf Yeigh mentioned a few of these programs. The College of Arts and Sciences has an integrated social sciences bachelor’s degree completion program that has attracted military spouses, veterans, and some active duty members. The UW School of Nursing is contributing to pain management research at Madigan Army Medical Center on Joint Base Lewis-McChord. And the UW School of Public Health has contributed to research of depression in seniors, helping elderly veterans in King County.
“Our words of gratitude alone are not enough to honor our veterans,” Yeigh said. “As a university we are committed to doing all we can to support those who have bravely served our country.”
The UW Seattle’s new Office of Student Veteran Life, which Yeigh also applauded, will open in December. It will provide access to counselors, mentors, and career help.
A veterans social at UW Tacoma on Thursday will mark the end of Veterans Appreciation Week at the UW.
When the Husky United Military Veterans (HUMV) heard UW Athletics was giving complimentary tickets for its “Salute to Veterans” football game Saturday, Nov. 7, to members of the UW’s Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC), they were angry.
Not because students in ROTC don’t deserve tickets to the game, which falls just four days before Veteran’s Day on Nov. 11, but because HUMV had been requesting free tickets from the athletic department for months to no avail.
Initially, athletics rejected HUMV’s request for free tickets, offering them a discount code instead. It wasn’t until campaigning on social media and writing a letter to UW president Ana Mari Cauce that HUMV was given 100 tickets to distribute among veterans across the UW’s three campuses. They also received 100 companion tickets priced at a discounted $35.
The RSO has distributed all but two of the tickets, which they are saving for student veterans who didn’t hear about the special in time to sign up for the free tickets.
HUMV began their campaign in mid-summer. Once fall came they were still waiting for a positive response from athletics, so they decided to move their campaign to social media. Using hashtags like #Boundless and #UWIServed, several student veterans called out athletics on their hypocrisy.
UW senior and veteran Joanna Kresge posted the following on her Twitter account: “@UWAthletics & @amcauce Apparently your student vets don’t count as Veterans on Veteran’s Day. Take care of your own house first. #uwiserved.”
The social media campaign was successful in the end, according to HUMV president Jack Ferguson, with one tweet being retweeted by Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America.
Ferguson said athletics may have just not been taking their group seriously because they are “just an RSO.” Making noise on social media and drawing negative attention to the UW wasn’t Ferguson’s method of choice.
Associate Athletic director Carter Henderson said that because the “Salute to Veterans” programming is part of a new initiative, student veterans were accidentally omitted.
“Once we learned that there was a group of military veterans here on campus, the Husky Ticket Office was more than happy to offer them tickets,” Henderson said in an email.
But representatives from HUMV, including Ferguson, said they tried for five months to capture the attention of the athletics department and don’t buy that athletics didn’t know there was a group of veterans attending the UW.
According to a report conducted by the UW’s Office of External Affairs in 2014, there are approximately 1,800 student veterans across the Seattle, Tacoma, and Bothell campuses. The report also states that of the 6,000 military personnel projected to have left Washington State military bases in 2014, 40 percent were planning to attend college.
“After fighting two wars in a decade you know there are going to be vets,” Ferguson said.
Former HUMV president Jordan Houghton attributes the decision to give tickets to ROTC and not to student veterans to a lack of understanding of what a veteran is.
A veteran is a person who has served in the armed forces. While there are veterans in the ROTC program, many of them are not veterans.
“ROTC has some vets and it’s awesome, but you can’t throw them tickets and say you did your job,” Houghton said. “You can’t say it’s a salute to service game if you aren’t incorporating the student veterans.”
The athletics department also partnered with the Veteran Tickets Foundation, or vet tix, which donates tickets to events to currently serving military, veterans and their families, and immediate family of troops killed in action.
Henderson said these organizations, ROTC and vet tix, were selected because the UW identified the same organizations to provide free tickets to as did the peer institutions after which they modeled the promotion.
Despite the omission, Ferguson emphasized how happy he is HUMV was able to receive tickets to the game in the end.
“I think [athletics] did the right thing,” Ferguson said. “The club doesn’t hold any ill will toward them.”
As for future “Salute to Veterans” football games, members of HUMV are optimistic. Houghton said he thinks it will be better, more consistent, and less of a tug-of-war. Next year, he expects UW athletics to grant HUMV even more complimentary tickets to disperse among the student veteran population and hopes they provide services for the children of veterans during the game.
“We are excited; no more extreme tactics,” Houghton said. “You get to see your team, and you get a salute to your services, it’s a win-win.”
The game Saturday will include programming during and after the game, as well as recognition of the distinguished veteran award recipient. There will also be a tri-campus veteran tailgate prior to kick-off.
If you read the mission statements of any given school or department at the UW, you’ll find several similar phrases and keywords. Public service, health,
leadership, innovation, and support will appear throughout.
Nancy Amidei, senior lecturer in the School of Social Work, pointed out just how precisely these statements align with the decision to invite Tent City 3 (TC3), the longest established homeless encampment in King County, to the UW campus.
“If anyone tells you it wouldn’t be consistent to what the UW is all about, challenge them to look up the mission statement to whatever school they’re enrolled in,” Amidei said.
Amidei and a group of students known as the Tent City Collective want to bring TC3 to the UW campus. Although this is not a new idea, and students have been lobbying for years to host the encampment, Monday night was the first time a tour of proposed locations was given.
Red Square, archery field, Rainier Vista, the law building lawn, and the field in front of the HUB are the collective’s five suggestions. These locations were chosen based on their accessibility to public services, water, and power.
Some have indeed argued the UW campus is not a fit location for a homeless encampment. Former UW president Mark Emmert said back in 2009 hosting TC3 would “complicate the business of
Interim President Ana Mari Cauce has not commented publicly on the proposal.
TC3 relocates every 90 days and is structured like a small city with specific rules and regulations to promote safety and security. TC3 has been hosted by both Seattle University, who in 2005 became the first university to host a homeless encampment, and Seattle Pacific University, whose president has declared his commitment toward integrating homelessness into SPU’s curriculum and continuing to host TC3. SPU most recently hosted TC3 during winter quarter 2015.
Karen Snedker, associate professor of sociology at SPU, who was largely involved in bringing TC3 to her campus, spoke to attendees of the walking tour. She emphasized while it was students who demanded SPU host TC3, it was also students who were uncomfortable with
So she hosted eight educational forums and taught the course, Homelessness in America, prior to TC3’s arrival.
“People were really ready to be neighbors,” Snedker said.
When TC3 completed their 90-day stay Snedker conducted a survey in which 90 percent of student respondents said SPU should host TC3 again.
Rine Hart, a resident of TC3 since 2011, said he, like other residents, keeps his promises and follows the code of conduct assigned.
When Hart first moved here in 2011, he stayed at the United Gospel Mission, a homeless shelter in the Seattle area. He said he’ll never go back.
“They only recognize you as a number,” Hart said. “At tent city you have a name.”
Another TC3 resident, Steve Tierney, who has lived in TC3 less than a week, echoed similar feelings of admiration toward the encampment.
“On the streets you can’t trust anyone,” Tierney said. “Everyone expects something from you. Tent city doesn’t do that. I finally have structure there, somewhere I can actually go at the end of the day.”
A petition on change.org has been circulating the web calling for the UW to host Tent City 3. It had 147 supporters as of Monday evening, not including the several hand-written signatures organizers received during the tour.
Other student groups have advocated to host TC3 in the past, such as the ASUW student senate, the faculty senate, and the graduate and professional student senate, who each passed resolutions in favor of hosting.
Nitasha Sharma, a UW student and Tent City Collective organizer, said they will continue giving educational interviews to teach the community about Tent City 3. Soon, they will begin reaching out to administration.
“This issue is an epidemic in Seattle and we need to address it,” Sharma said.